Using Dispersants in Singapore Port Waters
Dispersants used in Singapore waters have to be tested in the approved testing facilities and meet the specifications as listed below. Approval will need to be sought from MPA for those tested dispersants which comply with the specifications before they can be used in Singapore waters.
Under the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation) Regulations, no person shall use any dispersant which does not comply with the specifications set out below for the purpose of eliminating or reducing any oil pollution in the port waters.
Specifications of Dispersants
- The flash point of the dispersant shall not be less than 65°C (150°F) in accordance with the test prescribed by the Institute of Petroleum.
- The dispersion capacity of the dispersant shall not be more than 1 part of dispersant to 1 part of marine fuel oil of viscosity not less than 300 seconds (Redwood 1) at 50°C (122°F) in accordance with test No. PSA/CD/II as specified by the Authority.
- The biodegradability of the surface active agent shall not be less than 90°on the average of the results of the seventh and eighth day from the commencement of the test at 37°C (99°F) in accordance with test No. MPA/MV/III as specified by the Authority.
- The toxicity of the dispersant using glass fish (Chanda gymnocephalus) as a standard test organism shall be as follows:
- The mixture of the dispersant and the standard marine fuel oil (MFO V1100/1200) in the ratio of 1:1 shall have a 96-hour LC 50 value of not less than 100 mg per litre as measured by the method of the Singapore Food Agency (formerly Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority).
- The dispersant shall not contain aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons in concentrations greater than:
- Total aromatic hydrocarbons - 3%
- Total chlorinated hydrocarbons - 0.05 mg per litre.
Approval for Dispersants to be used in Singapore Port Waters
1. To obtain approval for dispersants to be used in the port, a sample of the product must be sent to an MPA appointed laboratory in Singapore for testing.
2. Only those dispersants that have been found to comply with these specifications are allowed for use in the port waters. This is to ensure the safety of all port users and protection of the marine environment.
3. For enquiries or any clarification, please contact us at:
Hazardous Cargo Section
Marine Environment & Safety Department
Maritime & Port Authority of Singapore
7B Keppel Road #21-07
Tanjong Pagar Complex
Tel: (+65) 6325 2421
Fax: (+65) 6325 2400
Q1. Is there a list of approved dispersants for reference?
A1. You may refer to the “Dispersants Approved for Use in Singapore Port Waters” under Useful Links
- Vessel Traffic Information System
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- Maritime Legislation of Singapore
- Attorney-General Chambers’ Singapore Statutes Online website
- Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Act
- Merchant Shipping Act
- Merchant Shipping (Maritime Labour Convention) Act 2014
- Prevention of Pollution of the Sea Act
- Merchant Shipping (Civil Liability and Compensation for Oil Pollution) Act
- Merchant Shipping (Civil Liability and Compensation for Bunker Oil Pollution) Act
- Merchant Shipping (Wreck Removal) Act 2017