FAQs to Implementation of SOLAS Regulations VI/2 on Verified Gross Mass of Containers
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS TO implementation of solas regulation vi/2 on verified gross mass of containers
With reference to Shipping Circular No. 12 of 2016, the following list of Frequently Asked Questions is prepared to facilitate the implementation of SOLAS Regulation VI/2.
Q1: Who are the stakeholders affected by SOLAS Regulation VI/2?
A1: The main stakeholders are shippers, terminal operators, vessel masters and their representatives.
Q2: Who qualifies as a ‘shipper’ for the purpose of compliance with SOLAS Regulation VI/2?
A2: A shipper for the purpose of compliance with SOLAS Regulation VI/2 includes:
- A legal entity or person who is named as the shipper on a bill of lading, sea waybill or equivalent multimodal transport document (e.g. a “through” bill of lading);
- A legal entity or person who, or in whose name or on whose behalf, a contract of carriage has been concluded with a shipping company;
- The owner or exporter of the cargo; and
- Hauliers, freight forwarders or Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC) acting on behalf of the above.
For containerised cargoes with more than one shipper, i.e. in the case of Less-Than-Container Load (LCL) cargoes, the master shipper that is named on the bill of lading shall be responsible for ensuring compliance with SOLAS Regulation VI/2.
Q3: What are the roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder when transporting a container carrying cargo?
A3: The shipper is responsible for ensuring that:
- The Verified Gross Mass (VGM) of a packed container is obtained using either Method 1 or 2, described at A4 below; and
- The VGM is recorded on the shipping document and submitted to the terminal operator and the vessel master or his representative in a timely manner.
The terminal operator and vessel master or his representative are responsible for ensuring that:
- Containers packed with packages and cargo items are not loaded onto a ship unless the VGM of the container has been obtained by the vessel master or his representative and the terminal representative; and
- The submitted VGM is used for ship stowage planning.
Q4: How should the VGM of a
container be obtained?
A4: The VGM of the container must be obtained by one of the following methods:
Method 1: Weighing the packed container as a whole using a weighing instrument that has been verified by an Authorised Verifier designated by SPRING Singapore under the Singapore Weights and Measures Programme;
Method 2: Weighing the individual packages and cargo items, including the mass of pallets, dunnage and other securing material, using weighing instruments that have been verified by an Authorised Verifier designated by SPRING Singapore under the Singapore Weights and Measures Programme, and adding the sum to the tare mass of the container.
The shipper must maintain records of the weighing process to ensure that the process used to derive the VGM is traceable. Such records should trail the process and document details of the equipment used to demonstrate compliance with either Method 1 or 2 as described above.
Q5: Who is the designated authority for the implementation of SOLAS Regulation VI/2 in Singapore?
A5: SOLAS Regulation VI/2 will be legislated under the Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) Regulations. The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) will be the agency implementing and enforcing the requirements.
Q6: Are there any exceptions to the SOLAS Regulation VI/2 requirements?
A6: The following exceptions apply:
- Containers carried on a chassis or a trailer when such containers are driven on or off a ro-ro ship engaged in short international voyages as defined in SOLAS Regulation III/3 are excluded;
- Transhipment containers loaded at their port of origin after 1 July 2016 need not be re-weighed to obtain a VGM. Where a packed container is delivered to a port terminal facility by a ship to which SOLAS Regulation VI/2 applies, the VGM should have been obtained before it was loaded on to the delivering ship; and
- Transhipment containers loaded at their port of origin before 1 July 2016 are not subject to SOLAS Regulation VI/2 and are not required to declare their VGM during transhipment at Singapore.
Q7: Is the shipper required to be accredited to demonstrate compliance with weighing methods 1 or 2?
A7: MPA does not require the shipper to be accredited to show compliance with weighing methods 1 or 2 (described at A4 above). However, the shipper must exercise due dilligence when obtaining VGMs of packed containers and must ensure compliance with one of the two methods.
Q8: Is the shipper required to be registered as a shipper and/or registered for a specific method used to obtain the VGM?
A8: There are no regulatory requirements for the shipper to be registered or pre-approved for the use of either method 1 or 2 to obtain the VGM.
Q9: Is the shipper required to declare the method used to obtain the VGM in the shipping document?
A9: SOLAS Regulation VI/2 does not require the shipper to provide the method used to obtain the VGM. Nevertheless, if requested by the terminal operator or the vessel master or his representative, the shipper is encouraged to declare the method used accordingly.
Q10: Is it mandatory to include a weight certificate produced by a weighing station as part of the shipping document?
A10: MPA does not require a weight certificate to be included as part of the shipping document. The VGM submitted in the shipping document by the shipper to the vessel master or his representative and to the terminal representative will be deemed acceptable unless there is evidence to show otherwise.
Q11: Can the VGM be submitted via the electronic submission of the shipping document?
A11: The shipping document on which the VGM is recorded may be submitted via electronic data processing (EDP) and electronic data interchange (EDI) transmission techniques. This includes electronic platforms used by terminal operators such as JP-online and Portnet. The signature may be an electronic signature or may be replaced by the name, in block letters, of the person authorized to sign.
Q12: What are the consequences of export containerised cargoes arriving at the terminal operator’s gate without a VGM?
A12: If the VGM has not been submitted at the time of arrival at the terminal operator’s gate, the terminal operator will not load the export container on to the vessel until the VGM has been obtained. However, the terminal operator has discretion to turn away the container at gate or allow its entry into the terminal. To avoid operational disruptions, stakeholders are advised to ensure that the VGM has been submitted to the terminal operator before arrival.
Q13: Is there a deadline by which the export shipping document and VGM must be submitted?
A13: The export shipping document and VGM must be submitted to the master or master’s representative and the terminal representative sufficiently in advance to allow ship stowage planning. The appropriate deadline may be determined by the stakeholders involved.
Q14: Is there a specified margin of error allowed for the declared VGM?
A14: The SOLAS Regulations VI/2 does not provide for any margin of error in the VGM. However, taking on board the industry’s recommendations, MPA will at present allow a negligible margin of error of +/-5% of the VGM.
Q15: Are Terminal Operators required to re-weigh all local export containers?
A15: Terminal operators are not required to re-weigh all local export containers. However, the local shipping community had during industrial consultations requested for the terminal operators to continue weighing services at their gates.
Q16: Will containers on board ships be offloaded for re-weighing to demonstrate compliance with SOLAS Regulation VI/2?
A16: If a VGM is submitted as required and there is no reason to believe that the VGM is incorrect, the declared VGM will be deemed to be correct.
Q17: How will MPA enforce the requirements under SOLAS Regulation VI/2?
A17: MPA will conduct ad-hoc inspections from time to time, to ensure that all stakeholders comply with the requirements. The weight obtained by terminal operators (e.g. PSA and Jurong Port) using their weighbridges located at the terminal gates may be utilised for the purposes of counter checking declared VGMs. Terminal operators will also inform MPA in the event of serious breaches of a shipper’s obligation to provide an accurate VGM.
The stakeholders are
invited to note MSC.1/Circ.1548 issued by
the 96th Maritime Safety Committee of the International Maritime
Organization on the concerns of Member States regarding practical aspects of
compliance with the aforementioned SOLAS amendments, in particular, relating to
transhipped containers and communication of VGM information, in an initial
period following their entry into force. MPA will adopt a practical and pragmatic approach when
verifying compliance with the requirements of SOLAS regulations VI/2.4 to
VI/2.6 for a period of three months after 1 July 2016. However, stakeholders are still required to comply with the requirements
starting from 1 July 2016
Q18: When will the SOLAS Regulation VI/2 requirements come into force?
A18: The SOLAS Regulation VI/2 requirements will come into force on 1 Jul 2016.
Q19: What is the new workflow for export containers?
A19: The new export workflow for export containers from Singapore is outlined in the diagram below:
Note: Double-mounting of 2x20”, Out-of-gauge, Direct Loading and Jurong Island Terminal containers are excluded from weighing by the terminal
- Vessel Traffic Information System
- Gas Free Information
- Hazardous Cargo Information
- Port Infrastructure
- Marine Projects
- Charts, Tidal Info, AtoNs and Hydrography
- Pilotage and Towage
- Voluntary Pilotage Services in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore
- Pilotage Exemption
- Marina South Pier
- Port Marine Safety
- Search & Rescue
- Port State Control
- Incident Investigation
- Safety at Sea
- Craft Licensing and Port Clearance
- Arrival and Departure Formalities
- Licensing of Harbour Craft
- Licensing of Pleasure Craft
- Launching / Laying Up / Breaking Up of Vessel
- Bidding for Craft Licence Number
- Circulars and Notices
- Visiting Seafarers
- Tariffs and Charges
- Charges for Marine Services
- Fees Payable by the Owner Agent or Master of a Harbour Craft
- Fees Payable by the Owner Agent or Master of a Pleasure Craft
- Fees Payable by Bunker Craft Operator / Supplier
- Charges for Vessel Inspection
- Maritime Welfare Fees
- Charges for Shipping Division
- Charges for Training Courses/Examinations
- Maritime Legislation of Singapore
- Attorney-General Chambers’ Singapore Statutes Online website
- Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Act
- Merchant Shipping Act
- Merchant Shipping (Maritime Labour Convention) Act 2014
- Prevention of Pollution of the Sea Act
- Merchant Shipping (Civil Liability and Compensation for Oil Pollution) Act
- Merchant Shipping (Civil Liability and Compensation for Bunker Oil Pollution) Act
- Merchant Shipping (Wreck Removal) Act 2017